The Fictional 100
Ranking the Most Influential Characters in World Literature and Legend
"A strongly recommended read and fine addition to any literary studies collection" --Midwest Book Review
The Fictional 100. © 2009 Lucy Pollard-Gott, PhD. All rights reserved.
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From the moment they emerged from their creators imagination, many fictional characters have shaped history as surely as did real-life warriors, statesmen, and philosophers. The Fictional 100 not only identifies those characters who have most influenced world literature, but also ranks them, judging each by his or her impact on literary history as well as popular culture.
From the brash Hercules (16) to the troubled, outspoken Holden Caulfield (99), from the menacing plots of Medea (26) to the misguided schemes of Emma (70), The Fictional 100 runs the gamut of heroes and villains, young and old, saints and sinnerstheir sagas including some of the most romantic and scandalous love stories ever told, as well as some of the most traumatic and passionate "endings" (fourteen of the one hundred committed suicide, and seven were murdered).
Some characters held a mirror to their society and catalyzed great changes. Harriet Beecher Stowes Uncle Tom (82), for example, brought home the suffering of black slaves to many white Americans for the first time, and the novel is often credited with starting the Civil War. Others had "lives" so distinctive, or came to embody a principle so completely, that their names became part of our very language. Think of words and terms such as: quixotic, Oedipus complex, Achilles heel, a real Don Juan, or the patience of Job.
Including such varied luminaries as Hamlet (1), Genji (5), Chia Pao-yü (8), Arjuna (10), Scheherazade (13), Romeo (23), Juliet (24), Frankenstein (33), Jean Valjean (34), Shakuntala (63), Superman (80), and Colonel Aureliano Buendía (97), this groundbreaking book offers a multicultural tour of literatures most intriguing characters to reveal a common thread of humanity throughout the works that contain them.
The Fictional 100 presents one of the strongest collections of literary characters enclosed in a single work, serving as a reference for lovers of the classics, a source of debate for critics, and a guide for those curious about the canon of great world literature.
The Fictional 100 offers--in short, readable chapters--the triumphs and tragedies, romantic escapades, and adventures of the most interesting people in world literature and legend. Each chapter begins with an epigraph in the characters own words, which reveal something of each ones unique style and personality, starting with the famous "To be, or not to be" from the brooding Hamlet. Then each characters "life story" is recounted, typically emerging in one or more key works of literature, but often continuing to evolve in music, film, and other literary works far removed from the characters time and place of origin. Consider, for example, Jane Austens Emma transplanted to Beverly Hills in the film "Clueless," Homers Odysseus making the rounds of twentieth-century Dublin in James Joyces "Ulysses," or Mary Shelleys Dr. Frankenstein strutting on stage as Dr. Frank-N-Furter in "The Rocky Horror Picture Show."
Students will find a ready resource for their research needs, from biblical and Arthurian legends to Shakespeare and the chief figures of the modern novel. The Fictional 100 compiles a wide selection of critical responses to each character, spanning numerous works and varied media.
Many characters stories are accompanied by a classic illustration or a photo of a landmark portrayal--for instance, a theatre poster of William Gillette, who brought Sherlock Holmes (9) to the stage, or a movie still of Mary Martin as Peter Pan (76). Finally, a rich list of references enables the reader to pursue a "face-to-face" encounter with any of these intriguing characters through the most accessible literary sources.
The Fictional 100 selects the most enduring and compelling characters from six continents, and traces the reasons for their unique appeal, which may lie in a deep psychological or mythic resonance, the artistry of their presentation, or the special circumstances of time and society that brought them into being and sustain their popularity.
Besides American and European characters (such as Huckleberry Finn , Alice , Jane Eyre , David Copperfield , Scrooge , Madame Bovary , Anna Karenina , the Brothers Karamazov [64,65,66]) familiar to readers in these traditions, the greatest fictional personages from Latin America, China, Japan, India, Africa, and Australia are represented. For example, it includes not only Romeo (23) and Juliet (24), but also the "Romeo and Juliet" of Japan, Tokubei (44) and Ohatsu (45), whose story, though less well-known internationally, is as tragic and affecting as their European counterparts. There is not only Achilles (14) of ancient Greece, but also Arjuna (10) of ancient India. Evidence of both the depth and breadth of each characters influence around the world is presented to support his or her ranking on the list. Readers should enjoy seeing how their favorites stack up in the worldwide competition across time and cultures. Sherlock Holmes (9), Cinderella (40), Captain Ahab (62), Dr. Jekyll/Mr. Hyde (67), Dorothy Gale (83), and Tarzan (90) are all there.
This book will enable the reader to consider not only the great variety among these characters, but also the range of features they share across cultural boundaries. For example, one recurring type, the "Trickster," has appeared in multiple guises in Europe (Odysseus , Don Juan , Hercules ), Africa (Hlakanyana ), and among North American Indians (Wakdjunkaga ).
From Hamlet (1) to Toni Morrisons Beloved (100), this book makes it easy for readers to sample humanitys best loved and most provocative fictional lives.
For a selected list of books and other resources on each character mentioned above, click that character's name in the text. You are invited to follow book title links on each character's page to Amazon.com, which provides secure online book shopping, as well as phone, fax, and mail-order alternatives. As indicated on each page, this is an Amazon Associate site, which means that I receive a small advertising fee for any books purchased from Amazon through links on my site.** Thank you for your interest in the ongoing life stories of these amazing characters. Happy reading!
in association with Amazon.com
Lucy Pollard-Gott holds an AB, summa cum laude, and a PhD in psychology, both from Princeton University, where she specialized in the psychology of the arts. Her scholarly articles have been published in such journals as Discourse Processes, Cognitive Psychology, and Poetics. As a psychologist and critic, her literary research has addressed varied topics, including the structure of fairy tales, attribution theory and the novel, and fractals in the poetry of Wallace Stevens.
A native of Binghamton, New York, she now resides in Princeton, New Jersey.
**Note: FTC DISCLOSURE:
Unless otherwise indicated, ALL annotated book recommendations on this website are the result of my own research into the topic of fictional characters and their influence. I have NOT received copies of the books from the author/publisher unless specifically noted.
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